Vaccine Education Toolkit

Public Opinion Research on COVID-19 Vaccines

Dive deeper into research about public opinion of vaccines and how to reach audiences.

Kaiser Family Foundation's COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor

The Kaiser Family Foundation's COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor tracks the public's attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations.

Click Here for May 2021 Data

KFF/The Washington Post Frontline Health Care Workers Survey

A March partnership survey from the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) and The Washington Post examines the experiences and attitudes of frontline health care workers during the coronavirus pandemic.

Click Here to Learn More

Societal Experts Action Network (SEAN) COVID-19 Survey Archive

A searchable, open-access archive of probability-based surveys on the COVID-19 pandemic conducted in the U.S. and internationally.

Click Here to View Data

NAB-RJI Research Insights (Dec. 2020)

In December 2020, NAB and RJI partnered on a research survey to provide insight into local media’s role in vaccine deployment. Below are the key findings to help inform tactics and messaging.

Americans' Perceptions

Local News and Broadcast TV is Viewed as Most Reliable

When it comes to receiving news, local news (TV, radio and print) and broadcast networks are cited by respondents as the most reliable source of information. This has also been found by Pew research. In fact, Pew also found that Americans who mainly get their news on social media are less engaged and less knowledgeable.

Americans Want to Know if the Vaccine is Safe and Effective

The survey finds the most impactful local news reporting would be an investigation into the safety/effectiveness of a vaccine or recommendations focused on wearing masks, with 58% of respondents saying this type of coverage would lead them to trust that news organization more.

What if you saw each of the following from a preferred local news source?

Most Americans Want a Vaccine to “Get Back to Normal Life”

Six out of 10 respondents express an intent to get a COVID-19 vaccine once it becomes available to them, with just 13% of respondents saying they “definitely will not” get vaccinated. Respondents who are immune-compromised are much more likely to get vaccinated than those who are not, with almost three-quarters of immune-compromised respondents expressing an intent to get a vaccine when it becomes available.

Which of the following are the biggest reasons why you would want to get vaccinated? Choose as many as three.

African Americans Worry Most About Vaccine Effects

Those who express hesitance to get the vaccine cite concerns regarding safety and efficacy. One in four cite concerns about safety as a reason they would avoid it, and more than half of all respondents worry about the thoroughness of the vaccine’s testing phase (51%), about the effectiveness of early versions of the vaccine (54%) or that the vaccine itself will make people sick (52%).

African Americans are significantly more worried (63%) than the broader public about the vaccine making people sick, and significantly less confident that it has been adequately tested (42%).

African Americans' Attitudes Towards the COVID Vaccine

What Americans Think is Working

More than 3 out of 4 respondents believe wearing a face mask helps limit the spread of COVID-19 and that stay-at-home recommendations are a good way to limit the spread.

Attitudes Towards COVID Prevention Measures

What Worries Americans Most about COVID-19

Most survey respondents worry about the economic impact of the pandemic and that their friends and family who are most vulnerable will get sick.

How Worried are You About COVID?

Insights for Journalists

Journalists Should Stick to “Just the Facts”

Respondents express a strong preference for stories that “make recommendations based on detailed reporting,” to facilitate personal health decisions, rather than stories that offer information without recommendations or personal stories from journalists about the pandemic. They express a preference for coverage that focuses on “just the facts.”

Messaging Should Focus on Concern for Others

Respondents prefer messaging that highlights concern for others, such as, “Don’t put your family through the pain of losing you…” and, “Protect yourself, protect your neighbors…”. In both cases, roughly half of all respondents say they are more likely to get vaccinated as a result of seeing that message, versus just 16% who are less likely.

Messaging Impact

What Stories Most Interest the Public

Respondents are most interested in hearing how the vaccine is impacting infection rates and how people are physically responding to the vaccine.

What kind of vaccine-related stories would you want to see?

Identifying the Trusted Messengers

The most important voices to survey respondents are those of their own doctors and nurses (88%) followed by experts at federal, state and local health agencies (87%), their own pharmacist (82%) and friends and family (78%).

How important to you are the opinions or endorsements of each of the following as you consider whether or not you would get or recommend the coronavirus vaccine as soon as it is available?

Conducted by research firm SmithGeiger in December 4-12, 2020. Surveyed adults aged 18-64 who consume at least some news media at least once a week, with census-reflective quotas for age, gender, ethnicity and geography.


These materials have been developed for educational purposes only, not as a substitute for professional medical or legal advice. Should you have questions or concerns about any topic described here, please consult your medical or legal professional.

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